Cross Collar Choke

Cross Collar Choke

Today we will speak about three chokes you might have seen already. Especially if you practice judo. They are all chokeholds made with the gi, so useless for MMA or No-gi, but, they are still useful if well executed. They are part of the first chokes I learned while white belt, because simple to do.

Simple? Actually not that much, because if you don’t have the good control, your opponent will defend them very easily.

I write a unique article for those three techniques because they are very few variations between each of them. You might know them by a single and simple name: Cross collar choke.

So let’s see in details those chokes:

Nami Juji Jime

Also called: “normal cross choke”. In this technique, both your palms are facing your opponent. Like this:

nami juji jime

You need a high grip on your opponent’s collar, this will give you more pressure on his throat. Then, scissoring your arms, you need to apply pressure on the carotid arteries, on the side of the neck.


Gyaku Juji Jime

Also called: “reverse cross choke”. In this situation, both your palms are facing towards you. The thumbs are outside the collar and you are gripping inside with your other fingers, as following:

gyaku juji jime

Still the same application, scissoring your hands to apply pressure on the carotids.


Kata Juji Jime

Also called: “half cross choke”. One palm of one hand applying the pressure on your opponent’s throat is facing towards you, while the other palm is facing towards your opponent, like in this picture:

kata juji jime

These grips are between Nami Juji Jime and Gyaku Juji Jime, that is why it’s commonly named “half cross choke”

Again, the hands are gripping the collar very high, the highest they are, the tightest. Then you need to “scissor” your hands, applying pressure to the carotid arteries each side of your opponent’s neck. (we are then on a blood choke that can go up to your opponent fainting.)


As I was previously saying, those three chokes have very few variations, in fact, it is the same choke, the only detail changing is if you have 1 or 2 hands in rotation or supination. This will mostly depend on the opportunities you can have during the sparring or your previous grip…

What is really difficult I believe in those techniques is the control. I have seen that technique at the very beginning of my judo. Having my partner in my guard. Obviously, it wasn’t that efficient when I got the closed guard.

It will be way more effective from a butterfly guard in my opinion. For a simple reason, you can control the distance between his knees, throat and yourself. You will be able to adjust way better your position to have a stronger choke. With your hooks, you can unbalance him using his weight to accentuate the pressure on the throat…

But I believe the most used position to apply those chokes is the mount. Better control on your opponent, you can use your own weight on your opponent. This choke is one of the intergenerational technique still used.


One of the biggest advantage of this choke: it can be used from a ton of different positions, knee on belly, half guard… Big names such as Roger Gracie, Leandro Lo, just to name a few, master it with bio.


This time I decided to leave you a full playlist of different good videos, I listed them personally.

Principles by Roger Gracie 

From the mount by Rener Gracie

From knee slice by Leandro Lo 

From knee on belly by Pablo Popovitch 

From closed guard by Kurt Osiander 

From butterfly guard by Jason Scully 

Defense by Ryron Gracie 

Defense by Stephan Kesting 


I think this is pretty much a good base to learn good basics from every position about this choke. Now you just need to train it in your own academy and enjoy 😉

Andrea Galvao cross collar choke

Andrea Galvao performing a cross collar choke


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